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5 from 8 votes

Himbasha | H'mbasha | Ambasha | Ethiopian Flatbread

Himbasha | H'mbasha | Ambasha is an Ethiopian Flatbread, often made as a celebratory bread. It is a mildly sweet flatbread flavored with cardamom, raisin and black sesame seeds.
Prep Time15 mins
Cook Time30 mins
Resting time2 hrs
Total Time45 mins
Course: Baking, Breakfast, Flatbread
Cuisine: African, Ethiopian
Servings: 8 Slices


  • All Purpose flour - 2 cups
  • Sugar - 3 TBSP
  • Instant Yeast - 1 tsp
  • Salt - ½ tsp
  • Olive oil - 2 Tbsp plus 2 tsp to grease
  • Warm water - ½ cup to ¾ cup
  • Raisin - ¼ cup
  • Black Sesame Seeds - 1 tsp
  • Cardamom powder - ½ tsp
  • Milk - 3 TBSP for brushing on top


  • I used my food processor to make the dough for the Himbasha. We could make it by hand or a stand mixer as well.
  • In the bowl of the food processor or a large bowl, add the flour, instant yeast, sugar, salt, cardamom powder and black sesame seeds. Mix well to combine.
  • Add the raisins and the oil and mix once to combine.
  • Slowly add warm water to make a soft dough. Knead for about 7 to 10 minutes to get a soft and non-sticky dough.
  • Cover the dough and let it rest until doubled in volume. It took me about 1 ½ hours.
  • Once the dough has risen, punch it down gently. Grease a 9 inch cake pan or any oven safe pan.
  • Place the dough and spread it evenly across the pan. The dough will retract back. In that case, rest for 5 minutes and then stretch again.
  • Cover the pan and let it rest for about 30 to 45 minutes or until the dough is puffy.
  • Preheat the oven to 350 F.
  • Now using a blunt knife, make patterns on the dough. I made the traditional wheel pattern on mine.
  • Brush the top with milk and bake for 25 to 35 minutes or until the Himbasha is golden brown on top.
  • Remove from the oven and let it briefly rest on a cooling rack. Slice and serve.