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Baklava dessert
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5 from 2 votes

How to Make Baklava

A flaky and delicious Middle Eastern classic dessert made with phyllo pastry sheets and layered with nuts. The Honey sauce drizzled all over the baklava is the highlight of the recipe.
Prep Time1 hr
Cook Time1 hr
Total Time2 hrs
Course: Dessert
Cuisine: Middle Eastern
Diet: Vegetarian
Servings: 36 pieces
Calories: 222kcal


  • Oven
  • food processor


  • 1 lb Phyllo dough from 1lb package
  • 1 cup Unsalted butter
  • 2 cups Walnuts
  • 2 cups Pistachios Unsalted – 2 cups (I used 2 cups of Almonds)
  • 1 ⅓ cup Sugar
  • 2 teaspoon Ground cinnamon
  • ¼ teaspoon Ground cloves
  • 1 cup Honey
  • 1 Juice of lemon from 1 lemon
  • 1 cup Water
  • 3 tablespoon Orange flower water Or use 1tsp of Vanilla extract


  • The procedure is split into 4 parts.


  • Coarsely chop the nuts with the chef’s knife or in a food processor.
  • Set aside 4 tablespoon of nut for decoration. Put the remainder in a bowl with ⅓ cup of sugar, cinnamon and cloves and mix well.


  • Heat the oven to 350 F. Lay a dish towel on a work surface and sprinkle it lightly with water. Thaw the phyllo dough package according the manufacturer’s instructions. Unroll the sheets on the towel and then cover it with a second damp dish towel. When unrolling them I encountered several cracks and cuts in the sheets. Do not panic. They are easily repairable and do not make any difference in the desert.
  • Melt the butter in a small saucepan. Brush a 9 x 13 inch baking pan with melted butter. Take a sheet of phyllo dough and carefully spread it in the pan, folding the sheet in such a way that it fits the pan.
  • Brush the layered sheet with butter and gently press it into the sides and corners of the pan.
  • Lay another sheet on top and brush with butter. Do the same with the third of the sheets. Once ⅓rd of the sheets have been used, scatter half the nut filling over the layers.
  • Layer another third of the sheets in the pan, buttering each one and pressing into the corners and sides. Then sprinkle the remaining half of the nut mixture evenly.
  • Layer the last third of the sheets, buttering them and pressing them the same way as we did with the previous layers. Brush the top most layer thoroughly with butter and pour any remainder of butter on the top (I ignored the last step. I did not pour the remaining butter. I just liberally brushed the top layer and left it at that).
  • With a small knife, cut diagonal lines around ½ inch deep to mark out the shape. Do not press down too much when cutting.
  • Bake on low shelf for around 1 hr 15 mins (It took me exactly 1 hr) until golden.

Making the Sugar Syrup -

  • Combine sugar and water in a saucepan and heat until dissolved, stirring occasionally. Pour in the honey and stir to combine. Boil without stirring until the syrup reaches a soft ball consistency (239F on a candy thermometer). This takes anywhere from 30 mins-45 mins. To test the consistency without the thermometer, take the pan off the heat and dip a teaspoon in the syrup. Let it cool down for few seconds and then drop it in a small cup with water. Once dropped into the water, it should form a mushy ball.
  • Remove the syrup from the heat and let it cool down to lukewarm temperature. Now add the juice from a lemon and the orange flower water or the vanilla extract.


  • Remove the pan from the oven and immediately pour the cool syrup evenly over the hot pastries. Pouring the syrup over the hot pastries enables better absorption. With the chef’s knife cut along the marked lines almost to the bottom of the pan. Let the pastries cool.
  • Cut through the marked lines completely and carefully lift the pastries with a spatula and arrange them on a plate. Sprinkle the top with the reserved nuts and serve.



Calories: 222kcal | Carbohydrates: 25g | Protein: 3g | Fat: 13g | Saturated Fat: 4g | Cholesterol: 14mg | Sodium: 63mg | Potassium: 114mg | Fiber: 1g | Sugar: 16g | Vitamin A: 186IU | Vitamin C: 1mg | Calcium: 18mg | Iron: 1mg